Title: The 52nd Battalion AIF
Author: Browning, Neville
Condition: Near Mint
Edition: 2nd Edition
Publication Date: 2009
Cover: Hard Cover with Dust Jacket – 352 pages
Comments: The history of the 52nd Battalion AIF. Now out of print and quite hard to find.
The Unit History of the 52nd Battalion in World War 1, from its formation in Egypt in 1916, to its war service on the Western Front. The 52nd Battalion is a hard covered, cloth-bound, 352-page, A5 volume, containing 20 pages of rare photographs and 8 maps, as well as many eye-witness reports from contemporary diaries, letters, reports and journals of 52nd Battalion men. The majority of the photographs, journals and diaries are from private collections and have never before been published.
The volume includes detailed daily descriptions of the Western Front and the horror of the battles such as Mouquet Farm, Messines and Villers-Bretonneux.
The 52nd Battalion was raised at Tel el Kebir in Egypt on 1 March 1916 as part of the “doubling” of the AIF. Approximately half of its recruits were veterans from the 12th Battalion, and the other half, fresh reinforcements from Australia. Reflecting the composition of the 12th, the 50th was a mix of men from South and Western Australia and Tasmania. The 52nd became part of the 13th Brigade of the 4th Australian Division.
After arriving in France on 11 June 1916, the 52nd fought in its first major battle at Mouquet Farm on 3 September. It had been present during an earlier attack mounted by the 13th Brigade between 13 and 15 August, but had been allocated a support role and missed the fighting. In this second attack the 52nd had a key assaulting role and suffered heavy casualties – 50 per cent of its fighting strength. The battalion saw out the rest of the year alternating between front line duty, and training and labouring behind the line. This routine continued through the bleak winter of 1916–17.
Early in 1917, the battalion participated in the advance that followed the German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, and attacked at Noreuil on 2 April. Later that year, the focus of AIF operations moved to the Ypres sector in Belgium. There the battalion was involved in the battle of Messines between 7 and 12 June and the battle of Polygon Wood on 26 September. Another winter of trench routine followed.
Utilising troops freed by the collapse of Russia in October 1917, the German Army launched a major offensive on the Western Front at the end of March 1918. The 4th Division was deployed to defend positions south of the River Ancre in France. At Dernancourt, on 5 April, the 52nd Battalion assisted in the repulse of the largest German attack mounted against Australian troops during the war. The German threat persisted through April, and on ANZAC Day 1918 the 52nd participated in the now- legendary attack to dislodge the enemy from Villers-Bretonneux.
The defeat of the German offensive had come at a cost though. Due to heavy casualties and a lack of reinforcements from Australia, three brigades were directed to disband one of their battalions to reinforce the other three. The 13th Brigade was one of these, and on 16 May 1918 the 52nd Battalion was disbanded.
Also includes Nominal Rolls, detailed Honour Roll, Awards, Citations and Recommendations and a Nominal Index.
Includes Nominal Roll