Title: History of Fort Queenscliff and the Australian Staff College
Author: Cunningham, C. A
Condition: Near Mint
Edition: 2nd Edition (Revised Edition)
Publication Date: 1971
Cover: Soft Cover without Dust Jacket – 58 pages
Comments: The history of Fort Queenscliff and the Australian Staff College.
Fort Queenscliff, in Victoria, Australia, dates from 1860 when an open battery was constructed on Shortland’s Bluff to defend the entrance to Port Phillip. The Fort, which underwent major redevelopment in the late 1870s and 1880s, became the headquarters for an extensive chain of forts around Port Phillip Heads. Its garrison included volunteer artillery, engineers, infantry and naval militia, and it was manned as a coastal defence installation continuously from 1883 to 1946. The other fortifications and armaments around the Heads were completed by 1891, and together made Port Phillip one of the most heavily defended harbours in the British Empire.
The first Allied shots of World War I were fired when a gun at Fort Nepean fired across the bow of the German freighter Pfalz, as she was attempting to escape to sea. The orders to fire came from Fort Queenscliff. The same gun, with a different barrel, also fired the first Allied shot of World War II. By 1946 coastal artillery was outmoded, and the Fort became home of the Army Command and Staff College. After the three Service Staff Colleges were combined into the Australian Defence College in Canberra, it became the base for Army’s Soldier Career Management Agency in 2001.
Includes many named of those on courses between 1945 – 1972 and those on staff.